This morning, I wanted to automatically update a little website from my computer without using Filezilla. So I searched a little bit and found that there is a very useful tool called nftp. To install it, you only have to use apt-get :
sudo apt-get install ncftp
This tool can be used directly from bash to upload files to FTP (and also to get files of course).
In my case, I just have to put a complete hierarchy of files into a specific folder of my website. So I wrote a little script that put everything on the FTP server :
read -s -p "Enter Password: " mypassword ncftp <<EOF open -u username -p $mypassword yoursitehost cd "folder on the website" lcd "folder on the computer" put -R * bye EOF
This script asks you your password. With that, you don’t have to put it in clear inside your program. The most important command here is the put -R * that make a recursive upload of the current folder in the current remote folder.
If I launch it from my computer (using the good values of course), it gives me that :
$ bash website.sh
NcFTP 3.2.4 (Apr 07, 2010) by Mike Gleason (http://www.NcFTP.com/contact/).
Copyright (c) 1992-2009 by Mike Gleason.
All rights reserved.
Connecting to 18.104.22.168…
FTP Server ready.
User username logged in
Logged in to baptiste-wicht.com.
docs/report.pdf: 39.92 kB 79.26 kB/s
docs/requirements.pdf: 40.60 kB 80.91 kB/s
docs/logbook.pdf: 32.39 kB 64.34 kB/s
docs/week1.pdf: 32.13 kB 64.05 kB/s
docs/01.06.2011.pdf: 34.77 kB 69.26 kB/s
documents.php: 869.00 B 6.72 kB/s
footer.php: 99.00 B 45.00 B/s
header.php: 851.00 B 151.56 B/s
index.php: 230.00 B 37.11 B/s
links.php: 188.00 B 37.73 B/s
minutes.php: 254.00 B 1.96 kB/s
styles/default.css: 1.00 kB 8.01 kB/s
weeks.php: 237.00 B 65.24 B/s
You will see the current status of all the files during the upload. The tool is enough smart to detect if a file must be sent or not (so it upload only newer files).
I hope this can help some of you.